Archive for the 'Microsoft' Category

1: Exploring New Features and Improvements in XP

November 28, 2006

Automatic Updates
AU allows users to automatically download and install  operating system updates, such as security fixes and patches.

Copying Files and Folders to a CD
XP enables users to save information such as photos and software to a compact disc (CD) without using third-party software.

To copy files or folders to a CD follow these steps:

  1. Insert a blank, writable CD into the CD recorder.
  2. select the files and folders you want to write to the CD.
  3. Under File And Folder Tasks, click Copy This File or Folder or The Selected Items.
  4. In the Copy Items dialog box, click the CD recording drive and then click Copy.
  5. In My Computer, click the CD recording drive and then under CD Writing Tasks, click Write These Files To The CD.ClearType Support

ClearType Support
ClearType is a new text display technology which provides a clearer text display on a LCD screen with digital interface  – Display – apperance tab – effects

Compressed Folders
The Compressed Folders feature provides the ability to create ZIP folders and view their contents.  If you drag and drop files and folders into a compressed folder, they will be compressed. You cannot save a file to a compressed folder.

Desktop Cleanup Wizard
The Desktop Cleanup Wizard helps keep your desktop uncluttered by periodically checking for unused shortcuts and removing them without harming the installed program. By default, the Desktop Cleanup Wizard checks for unused shortcuts every 60 days and offers to move them to a folder on the desktop called Unused Desktop Shortcuts.   – Display – Desktop – Customise Desktop

Start Menu
The Start menu has been redesigned for easier access to important and frequently used tasks. It also lists important user folders such as My Documents, My Pictures, and My Music.

Fax Support
fax support that enables you to send faxes. IT administrators can use the Component Object Model (COM) application programming interface (API) to control fax capabilities and the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) to set up the fax service within their infrastructure. Developers can use COM to send faxes programmatically. In addition, they can use the fax APIs to write applications to automatically send faxes.

Fast User Switching for Multiple Users of a Computer
The Fast User Switching feature allows multiple users to simultaneously share a computer without closing all of their applications first

Locale Support Additions and Regional Options Enhancements
A locale is a set of cultural and regional preferences that correspond to a user’s language and sublanguage (for example, Canadian French and U.K. English). Compared with Windows 2000 Professional, this feature adds support for the following locales: Galician, Gujarati, Kannada, Kyrgyz, Mongolian (Cyrillic), Punjabi, Divehi, Syriac, and Telugu. The feature also includes enhancements to the Regional and Language Options control panel.

Auto-Configuration for Multiple Network Connectivity
This feature provides easy access to network devices and the Internet. It also allows a mobile computer user to seamlessly operate both office and home networks without manually reconfiguring TCP/IP settings. This feature can be used to specify an alternate configuration for TCP/IP if DHCP server is not found. The alternate configuration is useful when a computer is used on multiple networks, one of which does not have a DHCP server and does not use an automatic private IP addressing configuration.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0

Instant Messaging

Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) 

Terminal Services: Remote Desktop and Remote Desktop Connection

WebDAV Redirector

The Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) redirector is a new mini-redirector that supports the WebDAV protocol for remote document sharing over Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The WebDAV redirector supports the use of existing applications and allows file sharing across the Internet (through firewalls and routers) to HTTP servers. For example, the WebDAV redirector allows users at different locations to share and collaborate on a file. A user can also use WebDAV redirectors to publish Web data, or make use of Internet repositories for storing data or sharing information with family and friends.

To use the WebDAV redirector follow these steps:

  1. Click Start, and then click My Computer. Click My Network Places.
  2. Under Network Tasks, click Add A Network Place.
  3. Windows XP Professional starts the Add Network Place Wizard.
  4. Click Next in the Welcome screen.
  5. The Add Network Place Wizard displays the Where Do You Want To Create This Network Place dialog box
  6. Follow the instructions for adding a shortcut to a Web site that supports Web folders

Web Publishing

To publish files, click Start, click My Documents, and select the files you want to publish. Under File And Folder Tasks, click Publish This File To The Web. In the Web Publishing Wizard page, click Next. In the Destination Web Site page, select a destination location for your files, and then follow the wizard prompts to complete publishing the files.

Welcome Screen 


Window XP Administrator Password

November 28, 2006
  1.  Goto c:\windows\system32
  2.  backup logon.scr and cmd.exe
  3.  del logon.scr
  4.  rename cmd.exe to logon.scr
  5.  USE > net user username passwd
  6.  restore things back

Commands to use from “Run” prompt

October 25, 2006

Windows Tools, Games and Applications

ACCWIZ.EXE – Accessibility Wizard
CALC.EXE – Calculator
CHARMAP.EXE – Character Map
CLEANMGR.EXE – Disk Space Cleanup Manager
CLICONFG.EXE – SQL Client Configuration Utility
CLIPBRD.EXE – Clipbook Viewer
CLSPACK.EXE – Class Package Export Tool
CMD.EXE – Command Line
CMSTP.EXE – Connection Manager Profile Installer
CONTROL.EXE – Control Panel
DCOMCNFG.EXE – Component Services
DRWATSON.EXE – Doctor Watson v1.00b
DRWTSN32.EXE – Doctor Watson Settings
DXDIAG.EXE – DirectX Diagnostics
EUDCEDIT.EXE – Private Character Editor
EVENTVWR.EXE – Event Viewer
EXPLORER.EXE – Windows Explorer
FXSCLNT.EXE – Fax Console
FXSCOVER.EXE – Fax Cover Page Editor
FXSEND.EXE – MS Fax Send Note Utility
IEXPRESS.EXE – IExpress 2.0
LOGOFF.EXE – System Logoff
MAGNIFY.EXE – Microsoft Magnifier
MMC.EXE – Microsoft Management Console
MOBSYNC.EXE – Microsoft Synchronization Manager
MPLAY32.EXE – Windows Media Player version 5.1
MSTSC.EXE – Remote Desktop Connection
NARRATOR.EXE – Microsoft Narrator
NETSETUP.EXE – Network Setup Wizard
NSLOOKUP.EXE – NSLookup Application
NTSD.EXE – Symbolic Debugger for Windows 2000
ODBCAD32.EXE – ODBC Data Source Administrator
OSK.EXE – On Screen Keyboard
OSUNINST.EXE – Windows Uninstall Utility
PACKAGER.EXE – Object Packager
PERFMON.EXE – Performance Monitor
PROGMAN.EXE – Program Manager
RASPHONE.EXE – Remote Access Phonebook
REGEDIT.EXE – Registry Editor
REGEDT32.EXE – Registry Editor
RESET.EXE – Resets Session
RSTRUI.EXE – System Restore
RTCSHARE.EXE – RTC Application Sharing
SFC.EXE – System File Checker
SHRPUBW.EXE – Create Shared Folder
SHUTDOWN.EXE – System Shutdown
SIGVERIF.EXE – File Signature Verification
SNDREC32.EXE – Sound Recorder
SNDVOL32.EXE – Sound Volume
SOL.EXE – Solitaire
BCKGZM.EXE – Backgammon
CHKRZM.EXE – Checkers
CONF.EXE – NetMeeting
DIALER.EXE – Phone Dialer
HELPCTR.EXE – Help and Support

Control Panel Tools

ACCESS.CPL – Accessibility Options
APPWIZ.CPL – Add or Remove Programs
DESK.CPL – Display Properties
HDWWIZ.CPL – Add Hardware Wizard
INETCPL.CPL – Internet Explorer Properties
INTL.CPL – Regional and Language Options
JOY.CPL – Game Controllers
MAIN.CPL – Mouse Properties
MMSYS.CPL – Sounds and Audio Device Properties
NCPA.CPL – Network Connections
NUSRMGR.CPL – User Accounts
ODBCCP32.CPL – ODBC Data Source Administrator
POWERCFG.CPL – Power Options Properties
SYSDM.CPL – System Properties
TELEPHON.CPL – Phone and Modem Options
TIMEDATE.CPL – Date and Time Properties

Microsoft Management Console (MMC Snap-ins)

CERTMGR.MSC – Certificates
CIADV.MSC – Indexing Service
COMPMGMT.MSC – Computer Management
DEVMGMT.MSC – Device Manager
DFRG.MSC – Disk Defragmenter
DISKMGMT.MSC – Disk Management
EVENTVWR.MSC – Event Viewer
FSMGMT.MSC – Shared Folders
LUSRMGR.MSC – Local Users and Groups
NTMSMGR.MSC – Removable Storage
NTMSOPRQ.MSC – Removable Storage Operator Requests
PERFMON.MSC – Performance Monitor
WMIMGMT.MSC – Windows Management Infrastructure

Other Run Line Commands

CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 – Conventional User Account Interface

Remove un-wanted programs in XP

July 25, 2006

This will let you Remove Windows Components programs

  1. Open Notepad
  2. Open up SYSOC.INF file (c:\windows\inf)
  3. Delete the HIDE towards the end of the line. Do not delete the commas.  Don’t put any spaces in-between the commas.
  4. Save the changes
  5. Open Add or Remove Programs in Control Panel.
  6. Click on Add/Remove Windows Components. You will now see options for Accessories and Utilities and several other components.
  7. Remove the check next to the component to remove it or check it to install it from your XP CD.
  8. Please be careful what components you remove though!

Recall Sent Email

July 10, 2006

Below is brief steps to recall email 

  1. In Mail, in the Navigation Pane, click Sent Items
  2. Open the message you want to recall or replace
  3. On the Actions menu, click Recall This Message
  4. And accordingly select the options and complete the process

Note : You should be using Microsoft Exchange Server e-mail account and the above step applies to Microsoft Office Outlook. If you have any questions google it 😉

How do I know if I have USB 2.0 on my PC?

June 24, 2006

When you look at a USB 1.1 and 2.0 connection, they look EXACTLY the same!

  1. Open Device Manager.
  2. On Universal Serial Bus controllers click the + sign
  3. look for an entry called "Enhanced USB Controller"

If you can see this entry then you have USB 2.0 !


Data transfer speeds of

  • USB 1.1  = 12 Mbits/second [1.5MB/s]
  • USB 2.0  = 480 Mbits/second [60MB/s]

Unable to boot in normal mode after making changes to registry

June 11, 2006

 > registry backup is saved in c drive (regbackup.reg)

  1. Boot to safe mode with command prompt or Recovery console
  2. @ c prompt type > Copy regbackup.reg regbackup.txt
  3. then > regedit.exe /c /s c:\regbackup.txt
  4. Exit and restart system

NOTE : /c stands for import, /s stands for silent import

Spyware Prevention

June 2, 2006

Settings to be performed for Internet Explorer

  1. Go to tools—-Internet options and select Advanced. Uncheck "Enable Install On Demand" & "Allow Software to Run or Install".
  2. Go to security tab —-Internet—-Customs Level. Set "Download Unsigned Conntrols" and "Initialize and Scrpt Active X controls not marked as safe" to disable. Set " Download signed controls" to prompt

Forgotten Windows XP passwords

May 24, 2006
  1. Boot From Windows installation CD.
  2. Press R to begin the repair process.
  3. While Your system is booting and It says Installing Devices press Shift-F10.
  4. Doing so will open up a command prompt. Type NUSRMGR.CPL, and press Enter.
  5. Now simply pick the account you need to either remove the password or change it.
  6. If you want to log on without having to enter your new password, you can type control userpasswords2 at the prompt and choose to log on without being asked for password.
  7. When you're finished, close the window and exit the command box.
  8. Allow the repair process to finish normally.
  9. When Complte, You Can Log on using new password

Recovery Console

May 19, 2006


  1. start >Run>X:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcon


  1. Delete the Cmdcons folder and the Cmldr file.
  2. Edit Boot.ini file to delete only the entry for the Recovery Console and Save

Recovery Console Password

On many XP installations you can't start the Recovery Console because it won't recognize your password. This registry edit causes the Recovery Console not to ask for a password.

  1. Start | Run | Regedit
  2. go to HKLM\SW\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Setup\ RecoveryConsole
  3. Set SecurityLevel value to 1
  4. Exit Registry and Reboot