May 1, 2012



1: Exploring New Features and Improvements in XP

November 28, 2006

Automatic Updates
AU allows users to automatically download and install  operating system updates, such as security fixes and patches.

Copying Files and Folders to a CD
XP enables users to save information such as photos and software to a compact disc (CD) without using third-party software.

To copy files or folders to a CD follow these steps:

  1. Insert a blank, writable CD into the CD recorder.
  2. select the files and folders you want to write to the CD.
  3. Under File And Folder Tasks, click Copy This File or Folder or The Selected Items.
  4. In the Copy Items dialog box, click the CD recording drive and then click Copy.
  5. In My Computer, click the CD recording drive and then under CD Writing Tasks, click Write These Files To The CD.ClearType Support

ClearType Support
ClearType is a new text display technology which provides a clearer text display on a LCD screen with digital interface  – Display – apperance tab – effects

Compressed Folders
The Compressed Folders feature provides the ability to create ZIP folders and view their contents.  If you drag and drop files and folders into a compressed folder, they will be compressed. You cannot save a file to a compressed folder.

Desktop Cleanup Wizard
The Desktop Cleanup Wizard helps keep your desktop uncluttered by periodically checking for unused shortcuts and removing them without harming the installed program. By default, the Desktop Cleanup Wizard checks for unused shortcuts every 60 days and offers to move them to a folder on the desktop called Unused Desktop Shortcuts.   – Display – Desktop – Customise Desktop

Start Menu
The Start menu has been redesigned for easier access to important and frequently used tasks. It also lists important user folders such as My Documents, My Pictures, and My Music.

Fax Support
fax support that enables you to send faxes. IT administrators can use the Component Object Model (COM) application programming interface (API) to control fax capabilities and the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) to set up the fax service within their infrastructure. Developers can use COM to send faxes programmatically. In addition, they can use the fax APIs to write applications to automatically send faxes.

Fast User Switching for Multiple Users of a Computer
The Fast User Switching feature allows multiple users to simultaneously share a computer without closing all of their applications first

Locale Support Additions and Regional Options Enhancements
A locale is a set of cultural and regional preferences that correspond to a user’s language and sublanguage (for example, Canadian French and U.K. English). Compared with Windows 2000 Professional, this feature adds support for the following locales: Galician, Gujarati, Kannada, Kyrgyz, Mongolian (Cyrillic), Punjabi, Divehi, Syriac, and Telugu. The feature also includes enhancements to the Regional and Language Options control panel.

Auto-Configuration for Multiple Network Connectivity
This feature provides easy access to network devices and the Internet. It also allows a mobile computer user to seamlessly operate both office and home networks without manually reconfiguring TCP/IP settings. This feature can be used to specify an alternate configuration for TCP/IP if DHCP server is not found. The alternate configuration is useful when a computer is used on multiple networks, one of which does not have a DHCP server and does not use an automatic private IP addressing configuration.
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0

Instant Messaging

Internet Connection Firewall (ICF) 

Terminal Services: Remote Desktop and Remote Desktop Connection

WebDAV Redirector

The Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV) redirector is a new mini-redirector that supports the WebDAV protocol for remote document sharing over Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The WebDAV redirector supports the use of existing applications and allows file sharing across the Internet (through firewalls and routers) to HTTP servers. For example, the WebDAV redirector allows users at different locations to share and collaborate on a file. A user can also use WebDAV redirectors to publish Web data, or make use of Internet repositories for storing data or sharing information with family and friends.

To use the WebDAV redirector follow these steps:

  1. Click Start, and then click My Computer. Click My Network Places.
  2. Under Network Tasks, click Add A Network Place.
  3. Windows XP Professional starts the Add Network Place Wizard.
  4. Click Next in the Welcome screen.
  5. The Add Network Place Wizard displays the Where Do You Want To Create This Network Place dialog box
  6. Follow the instructions for adding a shortcut to a Web site that supports Web folders

Web Publishing

To publish files, click Start, click My Documents, and select the files you want to publish. Under File And Folder Tasks, click Publish This File To The Web. In the Web Publishing Wizard page, click Next. In the Destination Web Site page, select a destination location for your files, and then follow the wizard prompts to complete publishing the files.

Welcome Screen 

Window XP Administrator Password

November 28, 2006
  1.  Goto c:\windows\system32
  2.  backup logon.scr and cmd.exe
  3.  del logon.scr
  4.  rename cmd.exe to logon.scr
  5.  USE > net user username passwd
  6.  restore things back

Keep Folder Hidden w/o External App

November 12, 2006
  1.  First create a new folder somewhere on your hard drive.
  2. When you name it hold down “Alt” and press “0160” this will create and invisible space so it will apper as if it has no name.
  3. Then right click in and select “Properties” select the tab “coustimize” and select “change icon” scroll along and you should a few blanc spaces click on any one and click OK
  4. When you hav saved the settings the folder will be invisible to hide all your personal files. You just have to remember the folders location in your hard drive.

Commands to use from “Run” prompt

October 25, 2006

Windows Tools, Games and Applications

ACCWIZ.EXE – Accessibility Wizard
CALC.EXE – Calculator
CHARMAP.EXE – Character Map
CLEANMGR.EXE – Disk Space Cleanup Manager
CLICONFG.EXE – SQL Client Configuration Utility
CLIPBRD.EXE – Clipbook Viewer
CLSPACK.EXE – Class Package Export Tool
CMD.EXE – Command Line
CMSTP.EXE – Connection Manager Profile Installer
CONTROL.EXE – Control Panel
DCOMCNFG.EXE – Component Services
DRWATSON.EXE – Doctor Watson v1.00b
DRWTSN32.EXE – Doctor Watson Settings
DXDIAG.EXE – DirectX Diagnostics
EUDCEDIT.EXE – Private Character Editor
EVENTVWR.EXE – Event Viewer
EXPLORER.EXE – Windows Explorer
FXSCLNT.EXE – Fax Console
FXSCOVER.EXE – Fax Cover Page Editor
FXSEND.EXE – MS Fax Send Note Utility
IEXPRESS.EXE – IExpress 2.0
LOGOFF.EXE – System Logoff
MAGNIFY.EXE – Microsoft Magnifier
MMC.EXE – Microsoft Management Console
MOBSYNC.EXE – Microsoft Synchronization Manager
MPLAY32.EXE – Windows Media Player version 5.1
MSTSC.EXE – Remote Desktop Connection
NARRATOR.EXE – Microsoft Narrator
NETSETUP.EXE – Network Setup Wizard
NSLOOKUP.EXE – NSLookup Application
NTSD.EXE – Symbolic Debugger for Windows 2000
ODBCAD32.EXE – ODBC Data Source Administrator
OSK.EXE – On Screen Keyboard
OSUNINST.EXE – Windows Uninstall Utility
PACKAGER.EXE – Object Packager
PERFMON.EXE – Performance Monitor
PROGMAN.EXE – Program Manager
RASPHONE.EXE – Remote Access Phonebook
REGEDIT.EXE – Registry Editor
REGEDT32.EXE – Registry Editor
RESET.EXE – Resets Session
RSTRUI.EXE – System Restore
RTCSHARE.EXE – RTC Application Sharing
SFC.EXE – System File Checker
SHRPUBW.EXE – Create Shared Folder
SHUTDOWN.EXE – System Shutdown
SIGVERIF.EXE – File Signature Verification
SNDREC32.EXE – Sound Recorder
SNDVOL32.EXE – Sound Volume
SOL.EXE – Solitaire
BCKGZM.EXE – Backgammon
CHKRZM.EXE – Checkers
CONF.EXE – NetMeeting
DIALER.EXE – Phone Dialer
HELPCTR.EXE – Help and Support

Control Panel Tools

ACCESS.CPL – Accessibility Options
APPWIZ.CPL – Add or Remove Programs
DESK.CPL – Display Properties
HDWWIZ.CPL – Add Hardware Wizard
INETCPL.CPL – Internet Explorer Properties
INTL.CPL – Regional and Language Options
JOY.CPL – Game Controllers
MAIN.CPL – Mouse Properties
MMSYS.CPL – Sounds and Audio Device Properties
NCPA.CPL – Network Connections
NUSRMGR.CPL – User Accounts
ODBCCP32.CPL – ODBC Data Source Administrator
POWERCFG.CPL – Power Options Properties
SYSDM.CPL – System Properties
TELEPHON.CPL – Phone and Modem Options
TIMEDATE.CPL – Date and Time Properties

Microsoft Management Console (MMC Snap-ins)

CERTMGR.MSC – Certificates
CIADV.MSC – Indexing Service
COMPMGMT.MSC – Computer Management
DEVMGMT.MSC – Device Manager
DFRG.MSC – Disk Defragmenter
DISKMGMT.MSC – Disk Management
EVENTVWR.MSC – Event Viewer
FSMGMT.MSC – Shared Folders
LUSRMGR.MSC – Local Users and Groups
NTMSMGR.MSC – Removable Storage
NTMSOPRQ.MSC – Removable Storage Operator Requests
PERFMON.MSC – Performance Monitor
WMIMGMT.MSC – Windows Management Infrastructure

Other Run Line Commands

CONTROL USERPASSWORDS2 – Conventional User Account Interface

Star Wars

October 25, 2006

Watch star wars from your console

Start : Run

telnet towel.blinkenlights.nl

Njoy 🙂

PC basics

October 18, 2006

Because computers are important building blocks in a network, it is important to be able to recognize and name the major components of a PC.

Small, Discrete Components

  • Transistor – Device that amplifies a signal or opens and closes a circuit.
  • Integrated circuit (IC) – Device made of semiconductor material that contains many transistors and performs a specific task.
  • Resistor – Device made of material that opposes the flow of electric current.
  • Capacitor – Electronic component that stores energy in the form of an electrostatic field that consists of two conducting metal plates separated by an insulating material.
  • Connector – The part of a cable that plugs into a port or interface.
  • Light emitting diode (LED) – Semiconductor device that emits light when a current passes through it.

Personal Computer Subsystems

  • Printed circuit board (PCB) – A thin plate on which chips or integrated circuits and other electronic components are placed.
  • CD-ROM drive – Compact disk read-only memory drive, which is a device that can read information from a CD-ROM.
  • Central processing unit (CPU) – The brains of the computer where most calculations take place. 
  • Floppy disk drive – A disk drive that can read and write to floppy disks. 
  • Hard disk drive – The device that reads and writes data on a hard disk.
  • Microprocessor – A silicon chip that contains a CPU.
  • Motherboard – The main circuit board of a microcomputer 
  • Bus – A collection of wires through which data is transmitted from one part of a computer to another.
  • Random-access memory (RAM) – Also known as Read-Write memory, new data can be written to it and stored data can be read from it. RAM requires electrical power to maintain data storage. If the computer is turned off or loses power, all data stored in RAM is lost.
  • Read-only memory (ROM) – Computer memory on which data has been prerecorded. Once data has been written onto a ROM chip, it cannot be removed and can only be read.
  • System unit – The main part of a PC, which includes the chassis, microprocessor, main memory, bus, and ports. The system unit does not include the keyboard, monitor, or any external devices connected to the computer.
  • Expansion slot – A socket on the motherboard where a circuit board can be inserted to add new capabilities to the computer. 
  • Power supply – The component that supplies power to a computer.

Backplane Components

  • Backplane – The large circuit board that contains sockets for expansion cards.
  • Network interface card (NIC) – An expansion board inserted into a computer so that the computer can be connected to a network.
  • Video card – A board that plugs into a PC to give it display capabilities.
  • Audio card – An expansion board that enables a computer to manipulate and output sounds.
  • Parallel port – An interface capable of transferring more than one bit simultaneously that is used to connect external devices such as printers.
  • Serial port – An interface that can be used for serial communication, in which only 1 bit is transmitted at a time.
  • Mouse port – A port designed for connecting a mouse to a PC.
  • Power cord – A cord used to connect an electrical device to an electrical outlet that provides power to the device.

Think of the internal components of a PC as a network of devices, which are all attached to the system bus. In a sense, a PC is a small computer network.

MORE INFO : http://www.jegsworks.com/Lessons/ lessonintro.htm  

Import Contacts into Gmail

August 27, 2006
  1. First export your contacts into a CSV file
  2. Go to Gmail Account click Contacts and Import CSV file to it

Heres how you can create CSV file in Microsoft Outlook

  • Choose File | Import and Export.
  • Choose Export to a file
  • Choose Comma Separated Values (Windows)
  • Choose your Contacts folder
  • Give the file a name and browse to the folder where you want to save it, and click Next and then Finish.

Norton antivirus does not support the repair feature

August 24, 2006

Create tgctlsi.dll and tgctlsr.dll files:

  1. In Windows Explorer, go to the C:\Program Files\Common Files\Symantec Shared folder.
  2. Right-click on a blank area on the Right Hand pane and Select New Text Document, which is inside New.
  3. Rename the file created to tgctlsi.dll.
  4. Repeat step 2.
  5. Rename the file created to tgctlsr.dll
  6. Close Windows Explorer and check for the issue.

If the issue was being encountered during the starting of the computer, please restart the computer and check for the issue.

Note : This is Just a suggestion it may or may not Fix the problem but still worth a try

How To Run PreScan

August 1, 2006
  1. Boot to safe mode with Networking
  2. Download Intelligent Updater 
  3. Create a folder named Virusdef
  4. Disable system restore
  5. Unshare your hard drive (c$ and stuff)
  6. Download prescan from http://svss.host.sk/
  7. Extact the virus Definition uisng the following command in the Run box : “C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Desktop\20060731-016-i32.exe” /dump C:\Virusdef
  8. Run Pre-scan file now